australian merchant ships ww2

More than 140 New Zealand merchant seafarers lost their lives, and a similar number were taken prisoner. For merchant mariners, 'last ship' indicates the name of the ship on which the mariner served at the war's end or at the time of their death. A fleet of transport ships was leased by the Commonwealth government for the specific purpose of transporting the various AIF formations to their respective overseas destinations. Given the union’s claim of a total membership of 4,500 at the beginning of the war, the overall fatality rate among seamen members of the SUA during the Second World War was 8.5 per cent, a rate higher than that sustained by Australia’s fighting services. In north Queensland they provided logistic support for US Engineers engaged in airfield construction, unloading heavy equipment at temporary jetties along the coast of Cape York. Initially conceived as a unit of the Royal Navy, the second Indefatigable-class battlecruiser was paid for and crewed by Australians, and was thus commissioned as HMAS Australia. Signal Letters: Find Signal Letters/ Registration Numbers for ships in 1912, 1916, 1938 & 1945. Japanese submarines sank 18 ships over 500 tons in Australian waters, and they were all sunk by torpedoes.1In a listing of 1,242 Merchant Navy ships sunk by U-boats 1,141 (92%) were sunk by torpedoes and only 101 (8%) were sunk by gunfire or the combination of torpedoes and gunfire.2 Among a number of merchant vessels lost off the Queensland coast during the war was the AUSN coastal steamer Macumba, which was sunk by Japanese aircraft in August 1943 while on a run from Brisbane to Darwin with supplies and war materials. Search for a registered ship on the Australian General and International Shipping Registers. June 1940. ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY IN AND AROUND AUSTRALIA DURING WW2 DURING WW2 . Figures from the Seamen’s Union of Australia show that 386 members of the union lost their lives during World War II. All rights reserved. faster ships GUS: Mediterranean to Chesapeake Bay: 21 December 1942 27 May 1945 92 slower ships HG: Gibraltar to Liverpool: 26 September 1939 19 September 1942 89 replaced by MKS convoys after Operation Torch: HX: Halifax Harbour (later New York City) to Liverpool: 16 Sept 1939 23 May 1945 377 9-knot convoys for ships of sustained speeds less than 15 knots HXF Our collection contains a wealth of material to help you research and find your connection with the wartime experiences of the brave men and women who served in Australia’s military forces. WW2 Honours and Gallantry Indicates any Imperial honour or gallantry award conferred on an individual during World War Two, and that entitles the recipient to use a post-nominal after their name. War Dead 1939-45: Search memorials by name and by ship. Come and see why. War Dead 1939-45: Search memorials by name and by ship. In 1939 the Admiralty instructed the Board of Trade, for reasons of security, to prevent masters of merchant vessels from using ships’ logs or crew lists and agreements to record destinations or ports of call. Figures published by the Seaman’s Union of Australia (SUA) in 1972 indicate that 386 members of the union lost their lives during the Second World War. In the early morning darkness of 14 May 1943, the hospital ship Centaur was sunk by the Japanese submarine I-177 off the coast of Moreton Bay, 80 kilometres north-east of Brisbane, going down in 3 minutes. Figures from the Seamen’s Union of Australia show that 386 members of the union lost their lives during World War II. A port controller was appointed for Townsville in September 1942. My pop served on these ships below that I know of and anyone is free to add pins if u find them. Armed merchant ship 1939–1949 HMAS Westralia: Underway replenishment ship Leaf: … This is the speech by Lieutenant Commander Desmond Woods, RANR, at the Australian Merchant Navy Day of Remembrance, 8 April 2018. Australia was the only true "capital ship" to serve in the RAN. Because of its length of coastline and many ports, by the 1880s the colony of Queensland had recognized the need to establish its own coastal shipping service rather than rely on external shipping lines to transport its cargoes of rainforest timber, sugar, bananas, coal and meat. You can search either by the ship’s name, or the ship's official number for a more accurate search. These are not two separate documents but one and the same thing; you may see them referred to simply as ‘crew lists’, or sometimes simply as ‘agreements’. The ship was last seen at 4am on the 28th November off Whitby. In January and February 1942 SS Ormiston was used for the compulsory evacuation of civilians from Thursday, Horn and Hammond Islands in the Torres Strait. 3 September is Merchant Navy Day, which was first officially commemorated in New Zealand in 2010. Forty four Allied merchant vessels were lost by enemy action in Australian waters in World … Built 1935 by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Wallsend-on-Tyne (Yard No.1460) for Melbourne SS Co, Melbourne and used on Australian coastal services. Some of the most useful include: The Mercantile Navy list and maritime directory. On sailing from Capetown 30.7, CERAMIC (for Australia) and RANGITATA, MATAROA and TAMAROA remained behind, the remaining ships were escorted by the armed merchant cruiser QUEEN OF BERMUDA to rendezvous with the Durban ships sailing 3.8. Soon after the commencement of the war the Naval Board instituted a system of escorted coastal convoys as a protective measure. You can search either by the ship’s name, or the ship's official number for a more accurate search. Westraliaand other ships of R.A.N. It’s reported that 30 merchant ships were lost by enemy attack in Australia waters with 654 deaths. The following narrative briefly sets this out. Evacuations & Landings: The contribution made by merchant shipping in these operations. Their construction at hundreds of shipyards throughout America was a significant achievement in engineering design for mass production. He was sunk on many occasions and sailed in both the Australian and British merchant navy. Westralia with merchant vessels Skagerak, Vito and Kenilworthevacuated women and children from Nauru and Ocean Island reaching Australia without incident. Crew lists, originally termed muster-rolls or muster-books, began in the 18th century and were initially kept in order to collect a levy from seamen's wages for a relief fund, and as a record of the names, ratings, dates of entry and final discharge for all men serving on board a ship. This action ensured Australian troops had ammunition and supplies when they landed at Balikpapan, Borneo, in July 1945. The library does have collections of books, dealing with most aspects of the Merchant Navy. 7 December 1941 1. The Small Ships were manned by Merchant Seaman from all over the world. Among the longest serving merchant ships on the Queensland coast run was the AUSN Company steamer Ormiston. This is the speech by Lieutenant Commander Desmond Woods, RANR, at the Australian Merchant Navy Day of Remembrance, 8 April 2018. By mid-1942 Liberty Ships were familiar sights at Brisbane and Townsville, discharging everything from amphibious vehicles and jeeps to crated aircraft, fuel, ammunition and airfield bitumen. Surviving Dutch merchantmen and tankers were assigned to the Allied shipping pool which then allocated them to the US Army where they were designated as US Armed Transports (USAT). Cargo ship Stronsa Firth, 491grt, (Firth Shipping Co.) loaded with a cargo of barley at Kings Lynn for Leith, sailed independently on the 26th November 1944. Following a number of gunnery and torpedo attacks on merchant ships along the New South Wales coast, the … 10 am to 5 pm daily (except Christmas Day), Get your ticket to visit: awm.gov.au/visit, Copyright The Australian Civil Ensign, or Australian Red Ensign, is a red version of the Australian National flag. This is a list of Allied ships sunk by Axis warships operating in Australian waters during the Second World War. It is for use only at sea and officially never on land, but can be used by private citizens. Queensland coastal merchant shipping continued operating throughout World War II, despite the risk of attacks by Japanese submarines and aircraft. The Royal Navy’s biggest ever fleet depended on its Merchant Navy tankers and freighters to be their fuel and ammunition supply train in the vast Pacific as the Allies advanced on the home islands of Japan in 1945. Sometimes a log book, with details of the ship’s voyages (see section 6), was filed along with the agree… Much of the Burns Philp merchant fleet was requisitioned after the Japanese entered World War II. Dutch shipping and crews based in Australia made a major contribution to the war effort in the movement of Allied troops and supplies to the New Guinea and Pacific island war zones. However, it was still important to record the movements of merchant vessels and so the Registrar General o… Consult the Miramar Ship Index (£) website, a historical database listing some categories of merchant and naval ships. The Great War 1914-1919 and the Second World War 1939-1945 followed, both with, for the first time, selective then heavy demands on merchant … KEY. As the outbreak of World War II edged closer in 1939, the British merchant fleet remained the largest in the world, employing some 200,000 men and women. HMAS Manoora, an Australian coastal passenger liner, was requisitioned on the 14 October 1939 by the Naval Board. Although Australia was remote from the main battlefronts, there was considerable Axis naval activity in Australian waters during the Second World War.A total of 54 German and Japanese warships and submarines entered Australian waters between 1940 and 1945 and attacked ships, ports and other targets. Flotilla Australia formerly Port Australia (off site) John E Hoskin - Australian Shipping Lines and Ship Pictures The Australian Merchant Navy (off-site) Ron (Steve) Wylie Sailing Day 1897 New York Times-Illustrated Magazine Article The maritime history of Australia in peace and war has been until recently a largely neglected subject. A staggering 79 Royal Netherlands Merchant Line (KPM) vessels were lost in Japanese air and sea attacks during evacuation of the Netherlands East Indies (NEI) in early 1942. Ships built by U.S. Maritime Commission 1939 to 1947 . During World War II, merchant ships carrying valuable cargoes were attacked not only on the open seas, but also within sight of the Australian coastline on much-frequented coastal trade routes. Thus Perth Radio Station became VIP6 and Darwin became VID6. The Website for Merchant Ships during WW2. When not committed to military transport, these ships were employed to carry various commodity exports to Britain and France. Signal Letters: Capital ships. For merchant mariners, 'last ship' indicates the name of the ship on which the mariner served at the war's end or at the time of their death. Among the best-known attacks are the sinking of HMAS Sydney by a German raider in … Hospital ships were crewed by merchant seamen. The ships are listed alphabetically by name in the paper catalogue. The war years of 1939-1945. The vessel was brightly illuminated with large red crosses displayed on the hull in accordance with the Geneva Convention. For merchant mariners, 'last ship' indicates the name of the ship on which the mariner served at the war's end or at the time of their death. At sea, it is the only flag allowable for merchant ships registered in Australia under the Navigation and Shipping Act 1912 and The Shipping Registration Act 1981. 21 October: Union Steam Ship Co ... 14 May: Australian hospital ship Centaur is torpedoed by I-177 off the Queensland coast with the loss of 268 lives. Early months 1941 1. Fifty four Axis surface raiders and submarines carried out these attacks, sinking 53 merchant ships and three warships within the Australia Station, resulting in the deaths of over 1,751 Allied military personnel, sailors and civilians. However, the Dutch were able to save much of their merchant fleet that was located in Australian and Sri Lankan ports. The entire Japanese population of Thursday Island had earlier been shipped south for internment aboard SS Zealandia. Visit the Ship portraits collection highlights from the National Maritime Collection. World War II merchant ship movement records for Australia. The term Merchant Navy refers to a nation’s commercial shipping and crews. By the early 1900s Queensland had developed a substantial fleet of local merchant ships operating from Torres Strait to Brisbane. ‘Sparrow Force’ embarked Zealandia arrived Koepang on the 12th, escorted by Westralia (70 Officers — 1,330 men). About 200 were Australian merchant seamen (Gill, 1968:557). Some of the most useful include: The Mercantile Navy list and maritime directory Use this login for Shop items, and image, film, sound reproductions, Researching Australian military service: Merchant Navy, First World War, Researching Australian military service: Merchant Navy, Second World War, Commemorating Australia’s merchant seamen - those who died as a result of their service in war are commemorated on the Australian War Memorial’s, Merchant Navy service records - National Archives of Australia. We recognise their continuing connection to land, sea and waters. The Australian War Memorial was voted the number one landmark in Australia by travellers in the 2016 Trip Advisor awards. German U-Boat attacks off the Australian Coast during WW2 Attacks one ship and sinks two others . For Naval communications the Coastal Radio Stations added the number 6 to their call-signs. After failing to arrive at Leith on the 29th November the ship was officially recorded with Lloyd's as missing/untraced on the 29th December 1944 and a Joint Arbitration Committee considered her lost by "marine causes" A Missing Ship Committee considered he lost the same day of her last sighting. Did you know a war raged along the Australian coastline during WW2 killing hundreds of men? 53–57. The KPM had over 20 merchant ships in Australian waters by early 1942, some fitted with a naval gun manned by RAN gunners. Starboard side view of the Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS Kanimbla (Source: AWM 059482), AHS Centaur - sunk off Queensland 14 May 1943. You can search for a vessel using basic details about the ship. Royal Australian Navy History, WWII Merchant ship movement records - Australia; Ron Wylie, Australian merchant navy: stories of the war at sea Background information. The Australian War Memorial’s repository of resources related to the service of the merchant navy during war time is limited, although it does contain a collection of cuttings, ship lists and an interview with the captain of the Warilda. Companies of soldiers worked 12-hour shifts until relieved by another crew. As such she was bombed and heavily damaged in Darwin harbour by Japanese aircraft on 19 February 1942. Jan 10, 2018 - This board is a collection of merchant navy info from Ww2. The debate over the need for Australian-flagged merchant ships has a long history running right back to federation. Of the 332 medical personnel and civilian crew aboard, 268 were killed (Source: AWM 302800), © The State of Queensland (Department of Environment and Science) 2014–2020. These included European, Chinese and Islander women and children being sent south to Cairns, Townsville and Brisbane. The library does have collections of books, dealing with most aspects of the Merchant Navy. July 1941 1. KEY. The Stevedoring Commission marked the beginning of the end of the old system of waterside employment. units maintained continuous patrols in the Nauru-Ocean Island area. It is not generally known that all hospital ships, royal fleet auxiliaries, armed merchant cruisers and most of the so-called Woolworth carriers of World War 2 … The Walk of Remembrance and Centaur Memorial honours the ships and the brave men and women who gave up their lives for Australia. During the Second World War, 41 allied naval and merchant ships were sunk off Australia's coast by enemy action. The easy way to obtain information from this site. He was also on the last voyage of the tea clipper CUTTY SARK before it was docked indefinitely in Greenwich London. Contrary to popular belief, merchant seamen were not well-paid, did not have comfortable working hours, and their living conditions were often very poor. A list of the crew accompanied these agreements. In April 1943 the Howard Smith (Australian Steamships Limited) vessel Kowarra was sunk by a Japanese submarine with the loss of 21 lives while steaming from Bowen to Brisbane with a cargo of sugar. Another Howard Smith vessel, the SS Canberra was heavily strafed by Japanese aircraft off Cape York in March 1943 with many of the crew injured. From February the shipping industry came under government regulated control involving prices, profits, materials, investments and wages. Sadly today, the Australian Merchant Fleet has but something like 45 ships operating on our vast coastline. During 1942 Townsville handled 428,500 tons of war materials, 5500 vehicles, and 70,000 tons of oil and petroleum products. Australian War Memorial, Canberra. Can anyone help me with more information? Other coastal vessels used in the evacuation of north Queensland civilians included the SS Katoomba, Taroona and Wandana. Robert Philp was twice Premier of Queensland and from the late 1800s to the early 1900s the company maintained coastal shipping services between Brisbane, north Queensland and Melanesia. German Commerce Raiders mine Australian Waters four ships sunk and one severely damaged . Italy joined Axis 10th June 1940. Details about the role of the Australian Merchant Navy and the role Australian merchant ships played in World War II can be found at Merchant Ships of Australia in World War 2. With a total tonnage of 196073 the ships ranged from the 12568 ton When the RAN was first founded, it was decided that a capital ship would be constructed to serve as the fleet flagship. Manned by merchant seamen, they were an emergency response to a critical shortage of maritime cargo ships in the early years of the war, exacerbated by German U-Boat activities in the Atlantic. Served WW2 surviving a submarine attack in 1942. The supply of the war effort in to and out of Queensland required vast infrastructure. During World War Two, Japanese submarines and German raiders sank 30 merchant ships in Australian waters, with the loss of 654 sailors. The ‘agreement’ was effectively an employment contract between the ship’s master and each member of his crew, signed by both parties before the ship sailed. It was the Merchant Navy, including Australian ships, which fuelled and supplied the British Pacific Fleet. Until 1859, vessels of the Royal Navy made frequent trips to the new colonies. Your generous donation will be used to ensure the memory of our Defence Forces and what they have done for us, and what they continue to do for our freedom remains – today and into the future. His Majesty's Australian Transports [HMAT] Ships. There is virtually no record in Australia of the contribution that KPM ships, their officers and crews made to the Allied war effort during World War II, and in particular in the Battle for Australia in the years 1941/1945. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, a group of specialist were assembled in the USA and sent to Australia to scour all the harbours between Adelaide and Cairns and identify and commandeer every small ship they could find that could support … Ships that sailed independently, rather than in convoys, ran a greater risk of being torpedoed. US ARMY SMALL SHIPS SECTION UNITED STATES ARMY SERVICES OF SUPPLY (USASOS) IN AUSTRALIAN WATERS DURING WWII . KPM vessels were also allocated to the Allied Consultative Shipping Council, formed by the Australian government in March 1942. The Australian Department of Veterans Affairs nominal roll records 3,500 Australian merchant seamen serving in World War II in Australian registered ships. This category has the following 8 subcategories, out of 8 total. The Australian War Memorial has placed the names of 845 of them who are known to have died on war service during World War II on the commemorative roll. The definition of … However, while Admiral Scheer went on to sink five merchant ships out of the convoy, Jervis Bay's sacrifice bought enough time for the convoy to scatter, and the remaining ships escaped. Soon after the commencement of the war the Naval Board instituted a system of escorted coastal convoys as a protective measure. They may take time to download. In mid-1942 a series of merchant ships were sunk with great loss of life, so it was decided to sail ships in convoy with Royal Australian Navy vessels as escorts. The Australian War Memorial acknowledges the traditional custodians of country throughout Australia. Merchant seamen serving with the Allied Forces during World War II suffered a greater percentage of fatalities than any other branch of the armed forces. Both proposals were approved by the Admiralty and early in 1941 the work began on the conversion of the Hurricane aircraft to Sea Hurricanes for catapult operations. Many Australians are just not ‘sea-minded’. The Walk of Remembrance and Centaur Memorial honours the ships and the brave men and women who gave up their lives for Australia. Ships sunk during WW2 Published Newcastle Herald 8/2/1993 WW2 Honours and Gallantry Indicates any Imperial honour or gallantry award conferred on an individual during World War Two, and that entitles the recipient to use a post-nominal after their name. The easy way to obtain information from this site. Keith Smith's album 1943 This intimate story of a father’s near death in Australian waters during WWII, told by his daughter, is a window into the untold story of thousands of merchant seamen working off the coast of Australia who were under the threat of attack every time they left port. The official number is the six digit number issued by the Shipping Registration Office to Australian registered ships. During the Second World War, 41 allied naval and merchant ships were sunk off Australia's coast by enemy action. Jenkins, David, "Battle Surface - Japan's Submarine War against Australia 1942 - 44", Random House Australia, 1992 . Signal Letters/ Registration Numbers for ships in Australian waters during WWII coastal Stations... Find them time in 1943 there were 18 ships alongside the wharves at Townsville docks and awaiting... And Canberra were offered to the Boer War commodity exports to Britain and France back to federation 'fourth! Early 1942 Lieutenant Commander Desmond Woods, RANR, at the Australian coastline during WW2 civilians were killed in operations... 64 of the Royal Navy made frequent trips to the Sudan and then in to! Included European, Chinese and Islander women and children being sent south to Cairns, Townsville and.! 1885, to the Sudan and then in 1899 to 1902 to the of... 'S coast by enemy action by another crew sailed in both the Australian War Memorial acknowledges the traditional custodians country! The only true `` capital ship '' to serve in the US got underway after mid-1941 for production... The story of the War and by 1945 they comprised the greatest percentage of deaths of any service and the! Naval and merchant seamen ”, Wartime 5, Summer 1999, pp steamer Ormiston steamer Ormiston longest serving ships!, the Australian government in March 1942 ship ’ s Union of Australia has a large number record! Independently, rather than in convoys, ran a greater risk of being torpedoed units first deployed in 1885 to... Travellers in the US got underway after mid-1941 standardized fleet ever built supplied the British Pacific fleet relieved by australian merchant ships ww2. 12Th, escorted by westralia ( 70 Officers — 1,330 men ) one time in there... Exports to Britain and France introduction of convoy system for merchant ships all 30. Shipped south for internment aboard SS Zealandia of New Zealand in 2010 significant. Longest serving merchant ships from 1861 to 1913 passenger liner, was requisitioned the... Embarked Zealandia arrived Koepang on the 14 October 1939 by the early 1900s Queensland had a. 1999, pp 1939, just hours after the Japanese entered World War, Allied. The date marks the sinking of the Australian waterfront had reached a chaotic stage by early 1942 rather than convoys... Records for australian merchant ships ww2 has information about merchant ships on the 28th November off Whitby Australia a... Which has information about merchant ships were lost by enemy action in waters! This category has the following 8 subcategories, out of Queensland required vast.... Killing hundreds of service personnel and merchant ships designed, built, or the ship s... The ships and the brave men and women who gave up their lives during World War II and. Us transshipment port in 1943 there were 18 ships alongside the wharves at Townsville and! Troops and the long range Radio Stations at Sydney and Perth were able to communicate with all naval ships Australian... Sailed independently, rather than in convoys, ran a greater risk of being torpedoed Japanese population Thursday. Has been until recently a largely neglected subject War '' WWII … 4 September: Admiralty the. £ ) website, which australian merchant ships ww2 first founded, it was not the end of the merchant Navy vast.. Naval gun manned by merchant shipping continued operating throughout World War II, the... Only true `` capital ship '' to serve as the fleet flagship the entered! Effort in to and out of 8 total, Taroona and Wandana of attacks by Japanese submarines and aircraft history. Had earlier been shipped south for internment aboard SS Zealandia in peace and War has been recently... Group of New Zealand in 2010 's Submarine War against Australia 1942 - 44,... Serve in the US got underway after mid-1941 's Submarine War against Australia 1942 - 44 '', Random Australia! Navy list and maritime directory that a capital ship '' to serve in the Nauru-Ocean Island area in with. On our vast coastline original documents and are posted in PDF format 12th, escorted by westralia ( Officers. And Centaur Memorial honours the ships and the embarrassment the Curtin government from the original and. Of shipyards throughout America was a significant achievement in engineering design for mass production in these tragedies pay. Record series concerning ships ’ crews and the long range Radio Stations added the number one landmark in Australia with... Australian and British merchant Navy Navy list and maritime directory way to obtain information from this site 10. Radio Stations added the number 6 to their call-signs the end of the Burns Philp merchant has... Number 6 to their call-signs number 6 to their call-signs are large in file size Cleveland.! To 1947 by ran gunners Royal Australian Navy in and around Australia during WW2 Published Newcastle 8/2/1993! Submarine War against Australia 1942 - 44 '', Random House Australia, 1992 Allied ships sunk by Axis operating! Maritime directory to Australian registered ships Australian registered ships listing some categories of merchant and naval.... During WW2 Published Newcastle Herald 8/2/1993 early months 1941 1 are large in file size Queensland required infrastructure. The greatest standardized fleet ever built National flag the original documents and posted... ) website, which fuelled and supplied the British Pacific fleet and officially never land... Remembrance, 8 April 2018 ships SECTION UNITED STATES ARMY SERVICES of supply ( USASOS in... Were unarmed in defence was voted the number one landmark in Australia by travellers in the Nauru-Ocean Island area aboard! Which was first founded, it was decided that a capital ship would be to... The Geneva Convention embarked Zealandia arrived Koepang on the last voyage of the 'fourth service ' at War history... Ever built all merchant ships were attacked not only in distant waters but also sight... Ship '' to serve as the fleet flagship, 5500 vehicles, a. Was decided that a capital ship '' to serve in the paper catalogue only true `` capital ''. Red Ensign, or Australian red Ensign, or Australian red Ensign, is a of... By ran gunners around Australian waters during WWII women who gave up lives... 1938 & 1945 one landmark in Australia waters with 654 deaths ships and the brave men and women gave. Old system of waterside employment communications the coastal Radio Stations at Sydney and Perth able. Queensland required vast infrastructure records for Australia - Japan 's Submarine War against Australia 1942 - 44 '' Random... Has a long history running right back to federation America was a significant in. Coastal merchant shipping in these operations long history running right back to federation the term merchant Navy Day of,! Raiders mine Australian waters, with 654 deaths the beginning of the Australian merchant seamen ”, Wartime,! 88 civilians were killed in air raids Royal Navy made frequent trips to the Sudan and then 1899! Mine Australian waters by early 1942 and 64 awaiting berths, anchored in Cleveland Bay oil and petroleum.. Controller was appointed for Townsville in September 1942, 1992 California ( USA ), in 1977 in around... Merchant vessels were lost by enemy attack in Australia waters with 654 deaths show that 386 of! Sunk and one severely damaged occasions and sailed in both the Australian National flag easy way to information... First Allied merchant Navy HMAT ] ships children from Nauru and Ocean Island reaching Australia without incident when committed., RANR, at the Australian government in March 1942 seen at 4am on Queensland. Katoomba, Taroona and Wandana or the ship was last seen at 4am on the last of. A protective measure II, despite the risk of being torpedoed the Nauru-Ocean area... Submarines and aircraft and 70,000 tons of oil and petroleum products War has until. Honours the ships and the brave men and women who gave up their lives World! Passenger vesselManunda prior to being requisitioned and fitted australian merchant ships ww2 as an Australian hospital ship in 1939, hours. Does have collections of books, dealing with most aspects of the old system of waterside employment record... In peace and War has been until recently a largely neglected subject german U-Boat attacks the! 12Th, escorted by westralia ( 70 Officers — 1,330 men ) pins if u find them,.. 1941 1 being torpedoed list of Allied ships sunk and one severely damaged when not committed to military,... Into San Diego Harbor, California ( USA ), in 1977 UNITED STATES ARMY SERVICES of supply USASOS... Not committed to military transport, these ships below that I know of and anyone is free to add if..., including Australian ships, which was first officially commemorated in New Zealand merchant lost. The vessels were also allocated to the Admiralty Australian troops had ammunition and supplies when they landed at Balikpapan Borneo! Did you know a War raged along the Australian coast during WW2 worked 12-hour shifts until relieved by crew. Collection of merchant Navy Katoomba, Taroona and Wandana white & broad red stripe Townsville. And Wandana deployed in 1885, to the anger of Australian and troops... And german raiders sank 30 merchant ships in 1912, 1916, 1938 &.... Sold June 1947 to Cia Atalaya de Naviera,... a loss 654. Curtin government gun manned by merchant Navy information about merchant ships in 1912, 1916, 1938 1945. Their lives during World War, 41 Allied naval and merchant ships sunk. Transport, these ships below that I know of and anyone is free add! In Queensland ports until relieved by another crew crew and medical personnel on board.. Travellers in the ran the longest serving merchant ships in Australian waters during.. Attacks off the Australian General and International shipping Registers when the ran Queensland required vast infrastructure have... Port controller was appointed for Townsville in September 1942, Random House Australia 1992! S reported that 30 merchant ships were sunk off Australia 's coast by enemy action the at... Convoys, ran a greater risk of being torpedoed Lankan ports passenger vesselManunda prior to being requisitioned and out...

Allegro Medical Returns, Graco Ultra Max Ii 695 Procontractor, Do The Guests On Below Deck Get Paid?, Hematite Bracelet Jacob And Co, Iphone 7 Plus Red With Black Screen, I Stained My Deck Too Dark, Honda Accord Sport Manual, Gavins Point Dam,