research paper on biscuits

Cool in a desiccator and reweigh (W3). Purchase Technology of Biscuits, Crackers and Cookies - 3rd Edition. Sensory Evaluation of Control and Formulated Biscuits: To analyze the acceptability of the product one of the crucial parameter is sensory evaluation. In each of the above cases, the volume was making up to 15ml with distilled water. Results related to the development and standardization of biscuits i.e. Print Book. It shows good impact on nutritive value in the treatment (T4) with regards to fibre, calcium, phosphorous and iron content than in control (T0). Many International brands like truvia, purevia and suncrystals use purified stevia leaf extract to develop natural table top sweetener which keeps the calories down in a natural way and enhance the sweetness. Standardization of Recipe: The data illustrated in the above pertaining to the average sensory scores clearly indicate that the most acceptable variation was found to be treatment T4 (Table 3). Worldwide, for the past few years the demand for bakery products is increasing and biscuits are one such ready-to-eat, inexpensive and convenient processed food product which is widely consumed in India. JECFA: Evaluation of Certain Food Additives and Contaminants. Total Ash Estimation: Ash content measures the total amount of minerals or inorganic content present in the sample which can be estimated by igniting a known amount of dried material in a muffle furnace. Chemical composition and nutritional quality of wheat grain, Physiochemical, Invitro Digestibility and Organoleptic Evaluation of Acha-wheat Biscuit Supplemented with Soybean flour, Development and Quality evaluation of Cowpea-wheat biscuit, ) manual of Laboratory Procedures for quality evaluation of sorghum and Millet. Writing My Research Paper Study Biscuits? This is one of a most desirable option for consumers looking after healthy alternatives to sucrose. Gambus et al., 25 reported that incorporation of 10 to 13% of flaxseeds in the preparation of bread; enhance the macro and micro-nutrients in comparison to standard one. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Cool the dish in a desiccator and weigh (W2). Description: Biscuits Forming Machine-Global Market Status and Trend Report 2013-2023 offers a comprehensive analysis on Biscuits Forming Machine industry, standing on the readers’ perspective, delivering detailed market data and penetrating insights. Incorporation of RFF above 15% adversely affects the cooking quality. Protein content of biscuits increased as the level of the pulse flours increased. Lucas EA: Flaxseed improves lipid profile without altering biomarkers of bone metabolism in postmenopausal women. Bhathena SJ, Ali AA, Mohamed AI, Hansen CT and Velasquez MT: Differential effects of dietary flaxseed protein and soy protein on plasma triglyceride and uric acid levels in animal models. Leaves of S. rebaudiana contain steviol glycosides which provide natural sweetness and fewer calories. ... 2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 4 MARKET DYNAMICS 4.1 Market Drivers 4.2 Market Restraints 4.3 Porter's Five Forces Analysis 4.3.1 Threat of New Entrants 1 INTODUCTION OF BISCUITS The term biscuit derives from a Latin word which is Danis Biscoctus that means twice cooked bread and refers to bread rusks that were cooked for ship biscuits from as long as Middle Ages. The specific vol. Abdel–Shafi M, Wei–ning H, Zhen–ni L and Chung OK: Effects of acrylamide inhibition by asparagynase and sugar substitution on cookie dough rheology and baking attributes, 2011; 32: 157-167. Zaib-un-Nisa: Effect of flaxseed supplementation on chemical properties of biscuits. Methods of analysing biscuit quality Introduction Baking technology involves adoption of various methods of baking to produce varied products where biscuits are among them. The research assumes that the result arrived will be true for entire population of the country Objectives of the Study and Question Framed The developed biscuit (treatment T4) contain maximum mineral (calcium, phosphorus and iron) content (408.23 mg/100g, 445.03 mg/100g and 10.01 mg/100g) in comparison to control (T0). Garcia–Serna E, Martinez–Saez N, Mesias M, Morales FJ and Del Castillo MD: Use of Coffee Silverskin and Stevia to Improve the Formulation of Biscuits. Mondelez India, makers of Cadbury, Oreo, Tang, among others, is looking at a larger play in the biscuits portfolio. Preparation of Stevia Leaves Powder: Fresh leaves of S. rebaudiana were cleaned; stems and unwanted parts were removed and washed with lukewarm water to remove dirt particles, excess water was drained out and leaves were dried under shade for about 5 days and then powdered by using a high-speed blender (25000/min) then sieved through 52 mesh sieve to obtain a particle size of 355 μm or less and stored in airtight polythene bags at 4 °C for analysis of further study 11. The dough was cut into small pieces and roll into small balls between the palms to give a shape of small discs which was punctured many times using fork to prevent puffing. Moisture Estimation: The proximate composition of the samples was determined using the methods of the AOAC 13. After 10 min. Ganorkar and Jain 23 observed that 15% flaxseed flour incorporated cookies contains higher amounts of fat, protein, dietary fibre, macro- and micronutrients in comparison to standard one (control). In the biscuit industry sucrose (sugar) is the main ingredient that plays a significant role in the development of the final quality of the product. STP of sunfeast biscuits Vaishnavi Meghe. Ash content in treatment T4 (3.69%) was increased than in control T0 (2.61%). Dry the residue for 2hr at 130 ± 2 °C. Research revealed that the protein and carbohydrate contents of prepared biscuits decreased with higher replacement of jack seed flour. Calcium Estimation: 5 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid was added in a 10 g of ash sample; the upper part of dish is rinsed and evaporated to dryness. There is an increased demand for health oriented functional food products such as low calorie, sugar free and high fibre products. Fat Estimation: Determination of crude lipid content of the samples was done using direct solvent extraction method 14. The sum of the percentages of all the other proximate components was subtracted from 100. The World of Food Ingredients 2012; 38-40. Fresh leaves of S. rebaudiana were purchased from Bioved Research Institute, Allahabad. Therefore, from the mean values of sensory attributes it can be discerned that treatment T0 (control) was found to be the best but substitution of sucrose with SLP and fortification of flaxseeds were very well acceptable. The other levels of incorporation were also liked at various degrees, although a little less than treatment T4. Int J Pharm Sci Res 2017; 8(12): 5186-93.doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.8(12).5186-93. The parameters for quality were quantified and the mean scores were calculated. In addition to sweetness, various therapeutic activities of these glycosides have been identified such as anti-cancer 4, anticariogenic 5, anti-hyperglycaemic 6, anti-inflammatory 7 and antioxidant activity 8. Where, Wo = loss in weight (g) on drying and Wi = initial weight of sample (g). Some features of the site may not work correctly. [1] According to Abdel–Shafi 15 substitution of sucrose with SLF inhibits the formation of acrylamide and also alters dough rheology along with baking attributes of biscuits. Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) is one such herb possessing medicinal and commercial importance contributing low calorie sweetness and bioactive properties 2. Iron Estimation: Iron content in the sample is determined by converting the iron to ferric form using oxidizing agents like potassium persulphate or hydrogen peroxide and treating it with potassium thiocyanate to form red ferric thiocyanate which is measured at 480 nm. Both Biscuits and Bread are items of mass consumption in our Country. Baking studies, physical and sensory evaluation of enrichment with decorticated cracked broadbeans flour (Vicia faba L.). ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi, India provided the financial support under a Women Scientist Project Scheme (WOS-A), vide letter no. The prepared biscuits were baked in a pre-heated oven at 150 °F for 10-15 min. 42 filter paper. In to this the above flour mixture was added and homogenously mixed to a crumbly texture. Although maximum protein in the biscuit comes from oat meal flour and whole wheat flour but flax seeds also contributes good amount of proteins. Therefore there is an urgent need to substitute sugar with natural low calorie sweeteners like Stevia rebaudiana leaves powder which will increase the nutritional profile of the products. Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition 2014; 64:243-251. In a 250 mL of conical flask, 50 ml of ash solution was added along with 8 -10 drops of bromocresol green indicator solution. [SR/WOS-A/LS-668/2012] is deeply acknowledged. All the required basic ingredients such as whole wheat flour, oats meal, flaxseeds, sugar, refined oil, cinnamon powder, salt, skimmed milk powder, vanilla essence, baking powder and carom … Metabolism-Clinical and Experimental 2004; 53: 73-76. 9-point hedonic scale is as follows: 1-dislike extremely, 2-dislike very much, 3-dislike moderately, 4-dislike slightly, 5-neither like or dislike, 6-like slightly, 7-like moderately, 8-like very much, 9-like extremely. Fresh leaves of S. rebaudiana were purchased from Bioved Research Institute, Allahabad. Cui W and Mazza G: Physicochemical characteristics of flaxseed gum. Czech Journal of Food Science 2016; 34: 281-. Open access scientific reports 2013; 2: 584. On the basis of sensory evaluation, the treatment (T4) received maximum mean score after control (T0) which was identified and analyzed in the laboratory for nutritional properties such as moisture, ash, protein, fat, carbohydrate, energy, fibre, calcium, phosphorous and iron by AOAC 13 methods, the results are shown in (Table 4). The mean scores of all the sensory attributes were summarized in Table 3. (6.25 is a general factor suitable for products in which the proportions of specific proteins are not well defined). Food Research International 1996; 29: 397-402. Phosphorous Estimation: Phosphorus reacts with molybdic acid to form phosphorus molybdate complex. moisture content, colour development, breaking force, spread ratio) and acceptance of the biscuits gets affected if sucrose is substituted by more than 30% with Stevia. Consumption of high sucrose content is associated with common conditions that show negative effects on human body. List the site name in the comments section below. The total organic nitrogen (TON) was then calculated using the formula: Where, TV = titre value, NE = mg nitrogen equivalent to molarity of acid, TVd = total volume to which digest was diluted, Ms = mass of sample (g) and Vd = volume of digest distilled. All © 2013 are reserved by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. Composite flours prepared from wheat, greengram, bengalgram and blackgram flours were studied for the preparation of biscuits. E. Gupta*, S. Purwar, N. K. Maurya , S. Shakyawar and S. Alok. ... Hard track biscuits (earliest version of the biscotti and present-day crackers) were part of the staple diet of English and American sailors for many centuries. The biscuits produced were subjected to proximate composition, physical attributes and sensory evaluations using standard methods. All the required basic ingredients such as whole wheat flour, oats meal, flaxseeds, sugar, refined oil, cinnamon powder, salt, skimmed milk powder, vanilla essence, baking powder and carom seeds (ajwain) were purchased from the specialised and certified food markets of Allahabad city. Handle dough as minimally as possible; over kneading the dough builds gluten, which hardens the biscuits. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The entire experiment was under taken to develop low calorie, high fibre biscuits and its evaluation was done by incorporating different percentage of RFF and SLP. The bread recipe contained 10% sugar or artificial sweetener equivalent in sweetness to 10% sugar. 2.31% solubility and 1.46 g/g swelling power. Using a 3" biscuit cutter or sharp knife, cut out biscuits. For decades, the product was instantly recognized by its iconic white and yellow wax paper wrapper with the depiction of a young girl covering the front. Gupta E, Purwar S, Maurya NK, Shakyawar S and Alok S: Formulation of value added low-calorie, high fibre biscuits using flax seeds and Stevia rebaudiana. Statistical Analysis: The obtained results was compiled, tabulated and analyzed by using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t-test was computed to evaluate the statistical significance of the data by using statistical software SPSS version 12.0. The energy content of the biscuit samples was within the range (397–457 kcal/g) reported by Chinma et al. In 2007, the specifications were laid down by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) suggesting that at least 95% of the known steviol glycosides should be present in the steviol glycoside sweeteners 9. In general, addition of RFF and replacement of sucrose with SLP alters the colour, texture and taste of the developed biscuits where as flavour and overall acceptability did not vary significantly (p ≤ 0.05) in different treatments. The content of moisture in percentage was calculated using the formula. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva, Switzerland. Carbohydrate Estimation: Total carbohydrate content of each sample was estimated by ‘difference’ method. Authors Address: The quality attributes (viz. Topics: Sales, Britannia, Kolkata Pages: 35 (8886 words) Published: February 14, 2013 [pic] EAT HEALTHY THINK BETTER Britannia -the 'biscuit' leader with a history-has withstood the tests of time. 2011; 3-30. The non-toxic sweet tasting, natural constituents present in the plant are ent-kaurene diterpene glycosides – stevioside, rebaudiosides A–G, dulcoside A, rubusoside and steviolbioside. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 2002; 13: 684-689. Drop wise added 3 % oxalic acid solution until the solution colour turns green (pH 4.4 to 4.6). 1216 Words 5 Pages. For dough preparation required amount of water was added for kneading until just combined which was allowed to rest for 30 min. The biscuits were packed in two different types of packaging materials viz., high density polypropylene film (160 gauge) and laminate of cellophane (150 gauge) and stored under ambient conditions. The treatment (T4) was found to be the best among different variations on the basis of sensory evaluation with incorporation of 8% (RFF) and 7% (SLP) resulted in increased moisture (7.57%), ash (3.69%), protein (18.88 g/100g), fat (10.97 g/100g), fibre (4.52 g/100g), calcium (408.23 mg/100g), phosphorus (445.03 mg/100g) and iron (10.01 mg/100g) content in comparison to control (T0) which was high in calories (384 Kcal/100g) and carbohydrate (62.34g/100g) content. The colour developed was measured spectrophotometrically at 480 nm setting the blank at 100% transmission. Parle-G or Parle Glucose biscuits are one of the most popular confectionary biscuits in India. Parle-G biscuit Parle-G or Parle Glucose is a brand of biscuits manufactured by Parle Products in India. Department of Pharmacy 2, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi - 284128, Uttar Pradesh, India. Das S, Das AK, Murphy RA, Punwani IC, Nasution MP and Kinghorn AD: Evaluation of the cariogenic potential of the intense natural sweeteners stevioside and rebaudioside A. Caries Research 1992; 26: 363-366. Journal of Food Quality 2006; 29: 617-627. The volume was making up with 500 ml distilled water. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 2002; 87: 1527-1532. The sensory evaluation and nutritional analysis were discussed under this section. TABLE 2: THE SOLUTIONS ARE PIPETTED INTO THE THREE SEPARATE STOPPERED MEASURING CYLINDERS. No deleterious effect on the sensory attributes of biscuits was seen when flax seeds flour was supplemented upto 15 percent 22. Nutritional Evaluation: The seven variations in different composition were used to develop value added biscuits, as shown in above table. The solution was heated to 90 °C and titrated with 0.1N potassium per magnate solution until solution turns pink. Britannia Biscuit Research Paper . It can lead to life threatening complications like high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, obesity, cancer, diabetes mellitus type 2, high blood cholesterol, insomnia, bone and joint diseases. It possesses significant quantities of linolenic acids (omega-3), dietary fibres and lignins. Biscuits are energy‐giving foods which are consumed by both young and old (Manley, 2001). DOI: TABLE 3: AVERAGE SENSORY SCORE (9-POINT HEDONIC SCALE) OF DIFFERENT PARAMETERS IN CONTROL AND TREATED BISCUIT SAMPLES. The boiling was continued for one minute and allowed it to stand until clear or overnight. FORMULATION OF VALUE ADDED LOW-CALORIE, HIGH FIBRE BISCUITS USING FLAX SEEDS AND STEVIA REBAUDIANA, Ena Gupta*1, Shalini Purwar 1, Neelesh Kumar Maurya 2, Snehlata Shakyawar 1 and Shashi Alok 2. Britannia was incorporated in 1918 as Britannia Biscuits Co Ltd in Calcutta. The major ingredients required for the preparation of biscuits are wheat flour, butter/oil and sugar, which overall imparts flavour, taste, texture and overall acceptability along with providing dense calories, saturated fat, low fibre and mineral contents. The precipitate in the conical flask was washed and filtered with 50 ml of dilute ammonium hydroxide solution; it was again washed with hot distilled water. This paper is a continuation of our study on the effect of fibre inclusion in snacks on diabetes and its complications. Gregersen S, Jeppesen PB, Holst JJ and Hermansen K: Antihyperglycemic effects of stevioside in type 2 diabetic subjects. The research study was conducted to evaluate the quality characteristics of soy‐mushroom‐enriched biscuits which could be used as a protein supplemented cereal snack food. INTRODUCTION: In recent era, the people are more concerned for their health and lifestyle; there is a demand on the production of low calorie, high fibre ready to eat food products. Official method of analysis of the association of analytical chemists, 18. Jenkins DJA, Kendall CWC and Vidgen E: Health aspects of partially defatted flaxseed, including effects on serum lipids, oxidative measures, and. However, control biscuit (T0) showed higher values than the formulated biscuits. It is then reduced with aminonaphthol – sulphuric acid to form complex molybdenum blue, which is measured at 650 nm. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 2, Issue 8, August 2012 3 ISSN 2250-3153 Table 2: Effect of Carrot pomace powder on Physico- chemical characteristics of DSF fortified Biscuits RFF and SLP was the prime ingredient used in different proportions. Centre of Biotechnology 1, University of Allahabad, Allahabad - 211002, Uttar Pradesh, India. Stevia rebaudiana, Roasted flax seeds flour, Biscuits, Sensory evaluation. CONCLUSION: The results signify that the incorporation of RFF and SLP in formulation of value added biscuits can improve the nutritional value of the product, which is highly acceptable in terms of quality attributes. Purple rice contains much higher levels of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals such as iron and zinc compared to wheat. Plant derived natural sweeteners are non-toxic and it excludes chemical modification during the extraction and production process. Overall six biscuit formulations were designed besides control. Biscuits are one of the most consumed bakery products eaten by everyone. Authors: 68th Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Gambus H, Mikuleci A, Gambus F and Pisulewski P: Perspectives of linseed utilization in baking. 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Protein Estimation: Determination of crude protein was done by determining the total organic nitrogen using the Macro-Kjeldhal Method 14. Peryam DR and Pilgrim FJ: Hedonic scale method of measuring food preferences, Food Technology 1957; 11: 9-14. The study is intended for people seeking a sugar free option of biscuits. This study utilized composite flour from quality protein maize (QPM) flour and wheat flour for the production of biscuit with the bid to increase the protein quality of biscuit and promote the utilization of QPM. which was followed by cooling for 3 minutes on baking sheet, then transfer in metalized LDPE pouches (20.87 μm thick) and stored at 37 °C for further analysis. Organoleptic Evaluation: The developed freshly baked low calorie and high fibre biscuits (six treated samples at a time, incorporated with RFF and replacement of sucrose with SLP) were served to 30 semi trained panellists for the evaluation of sensory attributes (colour, texture, flavour, taste and overall acceptability) on a nine point hedonic scale with a scores ranging from 9 to1 (1 - dislike extremely, 2- dislike very much, 3- dislike moderately, 4- dislike slightly, 5- neither like nor dislike, 6- like slightly, 7- like moderately, 8- like very much, and 9- like extremely) 12. Therefore, the aim of present study was to formulate a low calorie, high fibre biscuits by incorporating different proportions of roasted flaxseeds flour (RFF) and substituting sucrose with S. rebaudiana leaves powder (SLP) along with evaluation of sensory attributes and nutritional quality of the developed biscuits. Essay Topics: Last years, Paper, Research, ... Heinz and so forth entering the biscuit sector in India, most of them, except for SmithKline Beecham (Horlicks Biscuits), have ceased production in the country.? TABLE 1: BISCUIT FORMULATIONS: INGREDIENT LEVELS FOR CONTROL AND DIFFERENT TREATMENTS (FORMULATED BISCUITS) WITH INCORPORATION OF RFF AND SEQUENTIAL REPLACEMENT OF SUCROSE WITH SLP. Enrichment of Egyptian 'Balady' bread. Morris DH: Flax: A health and nutrition primer. 3.0 g of the dried sample was weighed in triplicate and secured in soxhlet extraction thimble. For measuring the colour development the solutions were pipette into three separate stoppered measuring cylinders. Raw Materials and Ingredients: In the formulation of biscuits the different ingredients used were procured from various sources. These compounds help in lowering blood cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, immunological and inflammatory disorders 1. It was filtered through muslin cloth and washed with boiling water until washing are no longer acidic. 2 . Ganorkar and Jain 16 studied that incorporating RFF from 5 to 30% with substitution of refined wheat flour decrease the colour and sensory score along with spread ratio. SLP was used as a natural sweetener and RFF was used as a source of dietary fibre. The overall mean scores of trials ranged from 6.70 to 8.60. Fiber Estimation: Extract 2 g of ground material with ether or petroleum ether to remove fat (Initial boiling temperature 35-38 °C and final temperature 52 °C). You are currently offline. The increased prevalence of these non-communicable diseases is due to decreased physical activity and sedentary life style, high level of mental stress and increased consumption of unhealthy diet rich in starch, sugars, saturated fat and excessive calories. Flaxseeds are rich in both soluble and insoluble fibres and the presence of these fibres add bulk to the waste products present in the gut and increase the bile movement in the gastrointestinal tract. Biscuits, cookies, and crackers are enjoyed the world over by consumers who select their favorites based on flavor and appearance, but to bakers, distinguishing between these baked products can be a complex task. of loaves containing artificial sweeteners (3.57-3.61 ml/g) was comparable to that of control bread (3.59 ml/g), although both loaf wt. 2 ml of hydrochloric acid was added in the residue and covered with watch glass and then ash solution was filtered into 100 ml volumetric flask and diluted to 100 ml volume. This was transferred in an oven and dried at 105 °C for three hours. Preparation of Biscuits: Overall 7 biscuit formulations were prepared which includes control and different treatments as described in Table 1.

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